As early as 1928 at the Amsterdam Congress, the first Anti-Doping Rule was approved. Doping Control now is conducted at all major competitions. The IAAF works together with the IOC and the other Olympic Federations with whom a joint declaration against doping was signed in 1989. In the same year, random and target testing out-of competition was initiated, and this has become a regular feature of the IAAF program, both at national and international level.


Since 1995, the IAAF has been at the forefront of the campaign for global harmonization of all anti-doping related activities, a campaign that, ultimately in 2003, resulted in the creation of the World Anti-Doping Code. At its Congress in Paris later the same year, the IAAF accepted the World Anti-Doping Code as a basis for the fight against doping in sport and the new IAAF anti-doping rules were introduced with effect from 1March 2004. The IAAF is playing an active role in the Code revision process initiated in November 2011 and ending November 2013.


The requirement for each country to have a fully functional National Anti-Doping Agency that conducts testing, education and results management can be very resource intensive, especially for smaller countries with less funding.  To limit such a strain on resources, World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) introduced the concept of a Regional Anti-Doping Organizations (RADO).  The African Zone 5 RADO will be responsible for organizing, promoting and coordinating the fight against doping in sport amongst the ten Zone 5 African countries, of which the remaining countries include Burundi, Somalia, Eritrea and Rwanda.


National Anti-Doping Organizations (NADOs) are responsible for testing national athletes in- and out-of-competition, as well as athletes from other countries competing within that nation’s borders; adjudicating anti-doping rules violations; and anti-doping education.


Kenya through Athletics Kenya has its own anti-doping centre: Kenya Anti-Doping Agency, based in Nairobi. The capital was selected so as to ensure easy access to all athletes across the country as it is a central location. The Kenya Anti-Doping Agency became functional in the year 2012.